Colorectal cancer is cancer of the colon or rectum. It is equally common in men and women. An estimated 146,970 people were diagnosed in 2009, and an estimated 9,920 people will die from the disease. With recommended screening, this cancer can be prevented (by removing polyps before they become cancerous) or detected early, when it can be more easily and successfully treated.
* Men and women age 50 and older
* People who use tobacco, are obese or are sedentary
* People with a personal or family history of colorectal cancer or benign (not cancerous) colorectal polyps
* People with a personal or family history of inflammatory bowel disease, such as long-standing ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease
* People with a family history of inherited colorectal cancer
* Be physically active and exercise regularly.
* Maintain a healthy weight.
* Eat a high-fiber diet rich in fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans and whole grains.
* Consume calcium-rich foods like low-fat or skim milk.
* Limit red meat consumption and avoid processed meats.
* Don’t smoke.
* Don’t drink alcohol excessively.